Anesthesia is required for some medical, dental, and surgical procedures in order to block pain or help the patient to relax. Depending on the type of surgery to be performed as well as your past and current health condition, you may be given: general anesthesia, the type wherein you become unconscious; local or regional anesthesia, wherein only the part of your body that will undergo the procedure loses sensation; or you may just be sedated to help you relax. But why and when do you need to need an anesthesia service?
Why Do You Need Anesthesia?
Getting anesthetized is a way to make you lose sensation partially or completely, so as not to have to endure the discomfort of a surgical procedure. Pain causes distress, and it can increase heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure. Also, the body sometimes tenses or jerks automatically in response to pain. With anesthesia, however, you can remain relaxed or even unconscious throughout the procedure without taking notice of what the doctor is doing.
Anesthesia is administered a few minutes before the actual procedure starts, and it helps the doctors perform the surgery faster, easier, and safer.
When Do You Need Anesthesia?
There may be a need for an anesthesia service in the following areas of medicine:
- Gastroenterology – when you have to have surgery in your stomach or intestines.
- Gynecology – if you’re a woman, this is for procedures involving the reproductive system, including childbirth.
- Oral surgery – when you have to have a tooth extracted, have a root canal, or have to undergo a dental procedure.
- Orthopedics and podiatry – when you need to have an operation on your bones or joints, usually due to an accident.
- Plastic surgery – when you need to have a part of your body reconstructed, either because of an injury or simply to improve your looks.
- Urology – when you need to have a surgery in your urinary system.
You may also need anesthetics if an operation needs to be done on your ear, nose, and throat, or for pain management.
What are the Risks of Anesthesia?
Healthy individuals suffer very little risk from anesthetics. There may be some side effects, including muscle soreness, nausea, vomiting, and/or sore throat, but with the techniques and equipment now available, anesthesiologists are able to monitor the condition of your body while under anesthesia.
It is important, however, to discuss your situation with your specialist, such as if you’re taking medications, if you have allergies, if you smoke, if you or any of your relatives have experienced anything negative from anesthetics before, and so on.
Often, you won’t be allowed to eat or drink the night before your surgery, usually from midnight onwards. This is to keep you from vomiting when the anesthesia is administered, because some of the fluids that come up might go to your lungs.
Anesthesia service is provided by professional anesthesiologists, and their expertise is needed to help surgeons do their jobs and for patients to be able to go through it with the least amount of pain.