Kristina Mori reveals the fact that the type of cell where cancer would start actually determines the kind of ovarian cancer that you suffer from. It would be pertinent to mention here that the different types of ovarian cancer would be inclusive of:
- Stromal tumors
It would begin in the ovarian tissue comprising cells that produce hormones. These types of tumors would usually be diagnosed at an earlier stage as compared to other ovarian tumors. It would be pertinent to mention here that nearly 7% of ovarian tumors have been stromal tumors.
- Epithelial tumors
Epithelial tumors would begin in the thin layer of tissue covering the outside of the ovaries. It would be essential to mention here that nearly 90% of ovarian cancers would be epithelial tumors.
- Germ cell tumors
These types of tumors would begin in the egg-producing cells. It would not be wrong to suggest that these rare ovarian cancers would occur in relatively younger women.
What are the risk factors involved in it?
Various factors that could enhance the risk of ovarian cancer would be inclusive of the following:
- Older age
Ovarian cancer could occur at any age. However, it would be relatively common in women ages 50 to 60 years.
- Inherited gene mutations
A relatively small percentage of ovarian cancers would be caused by gene mutations that you tend to inherit from your parents. The genes popular for increasing the risk of ovarian cancer have been called breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) along with breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2). It would not be wrong to suggest that these specific genes would enhance the risk of breast cancer.
Other gene mutations
There would be other gene mutations inclusive of those associated with Lynch syndrome. These have been known to enhance the overall risk of ovarian cancer.
- Age when menstruation begins and ends
Beginning of menstruation at a relatively early age or commencement of menopause at a later age, or both might enhance the overall risk of ovarian cancer.
- Estrogen hormone replacement therapy
It would be especially true for long-term use along with in large doses.
- The family history of ovarian cancer
People having two or more close relatives with ovarian cancer would have a higher risk of suffering from the disease.
Prevention of ovarian cancer
Lisa Abaid suggests that there has been no sure-shot method of preventing ovarian cancer. However, there could be several ways to reducing the risk such as taking birth control pills and discuss your risk factors with the gynecologic oncologist.